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In the kratom credit beginning of card 2012, the processor CDC released a report on the drastic increase in narcotic drug prescriptions since the 90’s and the effects this increase has had on patient health and mortality. Narcotic, or opioid, drugs are derived from the same plant as heroin. 15 years ago, these drugs were reserved for the treatment of post-surgery, traumatic and cancer pain. Over the past decade, this class of strong painkillers has been increasingly used for the treatment of chronic pain.
Distribution of morphine through pharmaceutical companies increased over 600% from 1997 to 2007, according to the CDC report. Narcotics have become a popular prescription for people with chronic pain and especially those with chronic back pain, a prevalent condition today. Previously, doctors avoided prescribing narcotics except for in dire cases because the risks associated with them were thought to outweigh the benefits. However, the past decade has seen a shift of opinion as many doctors don’t hesitate to prescribe an opioid to help patients manage day-to-day pain.
Unfortunately, what perhaps began as good will may be the cause of very harmful consequences. Deaths in the U.S. attributed to opioid medication use have increased from about 3,000 in 1999 to about 12,000 in 2007. This latter toll far exceeds the number of heroin and cocaine overdose deaths combined.
Narcotic medications like morphine, codeine, hydrocodone and oxycodone carry with them high risk of dependency and abuse as well as other unpleasant side effects. Understanding the risks of these medications requires an understanding of how they work.
Opioids and the Body
Opioids take effect on the body by binding to Mu receptors located in the brain and brain stem. Endorphins that occur naturally in the body bind to these same receptors. Endorphins and opioids both activate the body’s reward system, causing good feelings and alleviating pain.
One of the dangers of opioid use is that it tends to cause a down-regulation of Mu receptors. Down-regulation occurs when there is a decrease in the number of receptors. The fewer Mu receptors one has, the more of a drug one needs to attain the same good feeling; this is what is meant by tolerance. This down-regulation can also limit a person’s ability to naturally feel good. Dependence on the drug may result.
Loss of Mu receptors can actually lead to increased pain sensitivity. In this way, taking an opioid medication may lead to worsened pain in the long run. This effect is called hyperalgesia.
Opioids are highly addictive. A person can become tolerant of opioid medication in as little as two to four weeks according to This is why they were originally only used for cases of severe, non-chronic pain or for people with a terminal illness. Taken daily for a month or more, many people will develop some level of dependency.
Anyone taking opioids for more than a period of weeks should be sure that they are prescribed long-acting opioids. Though this form of drug still carries a risk of dependency, it is less than with its short-acting counterparts. Studies have yet to conclude it, but long-acting opioids appear to be associated with less euphoric feelings than the short-acting variety, accounting for less abuse kratom credit card processor potential.
Protect Yourself
Taking narcotic medication for chronic back pain and other long-term conditions is a choice that should be made carefully. It is important to ensure that you are keeping up to date on the latest research and that you are trying alternative means of pain management like acupuncture, massage therapy, myofascial release and exercise therapy.
If you are showing signs of opiate abuse, such as kratom trying credit to get card kratom credit processor medication from card processor more than one source, it is important to seek early substance abuse treatment. See for information on treatment options in your area.
For the CDC’s full report on opiate medication use and consequences in the U.S., see